Recovery programs are sets of therapies and treatment that are sequenced and arranged in a specific way to help a person suffering from an alcohol addiction or drug addiction overcome it and move forward with their lives clean, sober, and free of relapse. These programs are structured and sequenced using models of recovery that serve not only a structural frameworks for the programs but also as a philosophical and psychological basis for treatment and for the program as a whole.
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The 12 steps of recovery is one of the most commonly recognized forms of addiction treatment in use in the United States today. Because it is so popular and well-known recovery models around, many programs for recovery use this as an underlying structure of treatment. For example, one of the first steps of the 12 steps of recovery is to admit you have a problem, and then the next, is to admit that the problem has gotten out of your control. Many programs start treatments by encouraging recovering addicts to come to those conclusions so that they can then begin further recovery.
There are quite a few models of recovery that may be used in the design of recovery programs. These models are distinct in their views and focuses. However, it is important to keep in mind that more than one model is often used in the creation of one recovery program. That is to say that they are often combined together in various way. A few models of recovery are:
The cognitive/behavioral model of recovery is focused primarily upon a person's thoughts, emotions, and actions (i.e. cognitions and behaviors) that have an effect upon a person's original substance abuse problem and addiction. That is to say, these are not only the thoughts and behaviors that occur during addictive behaviors but those that led up to or caused a person to develop an addiction and substance abuse problem in the first place. By building a self-awareness, the recovering addict can then learn to thwart those thoughts and behaviors through redirection and coping mechanisms that can help to prevent future relapse and substance abuse.
Motivational Incentives Model
The motivational incentives model of recovery focuses on a recovering addict's desire and motivation to recover from their addiction. Many times, the recovering addict's brain has been so affected by substance abuse and addiction that they can only associate pleasure and reward with substance abuse. This prevents them from fully committing to recovery and treatment and can cause them to relapse in the future.
The motivational incentives model provides tangible rewards to recovering addicts for participating and engaging in their treatments and therapies. These rewards such as gift cards or food can trigger the reward centers in the brain previously associated with substance abuse. Thus, the recovering addict begins to associate sobriety and recovery with reward and pleasure.
Many treatment options are available through programs of recovery. Some of those are:
Music therapy allows a person to learn to be more emotionally aware and to healthily express their emotions through writing music, listening to music, and even dancing to music. This emotional awareness and expression is important in being able to detect problem emotions before they spiral into full physical relapse and a return to substance abuse.
Family therapy helps a recovering addict to rebuild damaged relationships with family members and build up a strong support system at home. Family members can also learn relapse prevention techniques and how to perform an intervention in case their loved one shows signs of relapse.